Difluorodeoxyuridine plasma concentrations after low-dose gemcitabine during chemoradiation in head and neck cancer patients
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology. - Berlin
, p. 185-191
University of Antwerp
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate whether relevant plasma levels of dFdU could be detected during concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) with low doses of dFdC administered in patients with head and neck cancer and to assess the toxicity related to dose. Methods dFdC was administered at doses of 5 mg/m² twice weekly or 10, 50, or 100 mg/m² weekly. Plasma concentrations of dFdU were determined daily for 7 days after the first administration and before each administration, thereafter. A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was used. During CRT, skin and mucosal toxicity were scored weekly according to the RTOG toxicity scoring system. Results Eight patients were sampled at the 1050 mg/m² dose and nine at the 5100 mg/m² dose. dFdU levels were in the micromolar range, inducing RS in vitro. There was a strong correlation between the area under the curve of dFdU and the dose of dFdC (r = 0.803, P < 0.001) and a weak correlation between trough concentrations and total dose of dFdC (r = 0.408, P = 0.017). Duration of severe mucositis correlated with dFdC dose. Conclusions During CRT with 10100 mg/m2 of dFdC weekly or 5 mg/m2 twice weekly, dFdU remains detectable at potentially radiosensitizing concentrations.