Publication
Title
Identification of binding partners interacting with the α1-N-propeptide of type V collagen
Author
Abstract
The predominant form of type V collagen is the [α1(V)]2α2(V) heterotrimer. Mutations in COL5A1 or COL5A2, encoding respectively the α1(V)- and α2(V)-collagen chain, cause classic EDS (Ehlers−Danlos syndrome), a heritable connective tissue disorder, characterized by fragile hyperextensible skin and joint hypermobility. Approximately half of the classic EDS cases remain unexplained. Type V collagen controls collagen fibrillogenesis through its conserved α1(V)-N-propeptide domain. To gain an insight into the role of this domain, a yeast two-hybrid screen among proteins expressed in human dermal fibroblasts was performed utilizing the N-propeptide as a bait. We identified 12 interacting proteins, including extracellular matrix proteins and proteins involved in collagen biosynthesis. Eleven interactions were confirmed by surface plasmon resonance and/or co-immunoprecipitation: α1(I)- and α2(I)-collagen chains, α1(VI)-, α2(VI)- and α3(VI)-collagen chains, tenascin-C, fibronectin, PCPE-1 (procollagen C-proteinase enhancer-1), TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1), MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase 2) and TGF-β1 (transforming growth factor β1). Solid-phase binding assays confirmed the involvement of the α1(V)-N-propeptide in the interaction between native type V collagen and type VI collagen, suggesting a bridging function of this protein complex in the cell-matrix environment. Enzymatic studies showed that processing of the α1(V)-N-propeptide by BMP-1 (bone morphogenetic protein 1)/procollagen C-proteinase is enhanced by PCPE-1. These interactions are likely to be involved in extracellular matrix homoeostasis and their disruption could explain the pathogenetic mechanism in unresolved classic EDS cases.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The biochemical journal. - London, 1984, currens
Publication
London : 2011
ISSN
0264-6021 [print]
1470-8728 [online]
Volume/pages
433:2(2011), p. 371-381
ISI
000290055800012
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.11.2011
Last edited 21.09.2017