Dual-beam laser Doppler vibrometer for measurement of pulse wave velocity in elastic vessels
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Bellingham :SPIE, 2011
22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics : Light for the Development of the World, Puebla, México
University of Antwerp
When a fluid flowing through an elastic vessel is subjected to a sudden change in pressure gradient, pressure pulses will propagate through the fluid. Velocity of these pulse waves (PWV) can be determined by simultaneous detection of wall distension on two separate points on the vessel wall, along its trajectory. PWV depends on wall stiffness, and under certain circumstances, wall stiffness can be calculated from the propagation velocity. Optical interferometry is a noncontacting technique that allows measurement of wall distension on discrete locations. In this work we propose a miniaturized dual-beam laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) to measure wall distension simultaneously at two locations. Our dual-beam LDV is based on a single laser source and one acousto-optic modulator with as much as possible of the interferometer optics shared among the different beams. The dual-beam LDV was used for simultaneous detection of wall distension of several elastic vessels of different stiffness. We found that PWV as measured in elastic vessels agrees well with theoretically expected values, and measurement precision is better than 5%. Moreover, the dual-beam LDV performs almost as good as commercial systems for detection of PWV. The dual-beam LDV can have applications in cardiovascular risk management. Stiffness of large arteries has a very good predictive value for cardiovascular disease and overall mortality. This parameter can be estimated from arterial PWV. Current methods to measure arterial PWV suffer from several shortcomings. A dual-beam LDV can offer substantial advantages over existing techniques.