A novel implantable vagus nerve stimulation system (ADNS-300) for combined stimulation and recording of the vagus nerve : pilot trial at Ghent University Hospital
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Epilepsy research. - Amsterdam
, p. 231-239
Purpose Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established treatment for refractory epilepsy. The ADNS-300 is a new system for VNS that includes a rechargeable stimulus generator and an electrode for combined stimulation and recording. In this feasibility study, three patients were implanted with ADNS-300 for therapeutic VNS. In addition, compound action potentials (CAPs) were recorded to evaluate activation of the vagus nerve in response to VNS. Methods Three patients were implanted with a cuff-electrode around the left vagus nerve, that was connected to a rechargeable pulse generator under the left clavicula. Two weeks after surgery, therapeutic VNS (0.251.25 mA, 500 μs, 30 s on, 10 min off and 30 Hz) was initiated and stimulus-induced CAPs were recorded. Results The ADNS-300 system was successfully implanted in all three patients and patients were appropriately stimulated during six months of follow-up. A reduction in seizure frequency was demonstrated in two patients (43% and 40% in patients 1 and 3, respectively), while in patient 2 seizure frequency remained unchanged. CAPs could be recorded in patients 1 and 2, proving stimulation-induced activation of the vagus nerve. Conclusion This feasibility study demonstrates that the ADNS-300 system can be used for combined therapeutic stimulation (in 3/3 patients) and recording of CAPs in response to VNS (in 2/3 patients) up to three weeks after surgery. Implantation in a larger number of patients will lead to a better understanding of the electrophysiology of the vagus nerve, which in turn could result in more adequate and individualized VNS parameter choice.