Title
Self-esteem reconsidered : unstable self-esteem outperforms level of self-esteem as vulnerability marker for depression Self-esteem reconsidered : unstable self-esteem outperforms level of self-esteem as vulnerability marker for depression
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Psychology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Behaviour research and therapy. - Oxford
Volume/pages
45(2007) :7 , p. 1531-1541
ISSN
0005-7967
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Previous studies have built up evidence that an unstable self-esteem is associated with vulnerability to depression and that it outperforms level of self-esteem as a predictor for symptoms of depression. However, most of these studies have used student samples exclusively to investigate the role of self-esteem instability in depression vulnerability. Our present study used samples of currently depressed inpatients, formerly depressed individuals, and never-depressed controls to investigate the relationship between self-esteem instability and depression. In addition, we examined the predictive validity of self-esteem instability in predicting future depressive symptoms. The results indicate that self-esteem instability is associated with depression and vulnerability to depression. Furthermore, self-esteem instability interacted with perceived stress variability and depressed mood variability in predicting future depressive symptomatology at six months follow-up. These results are in line with the diathesisstress model and support the hypothesis that self-esteem instability might be more important than level of self-esteem in predicting vulnerability to depression.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/a4d7a3/f30463e5ae9.pdf