Title
Impact of environmental and genetic factors on biofilm formation by the probiotic strain **Lactobacillus rhamnosus** GG Impact of environmental and genetic factors on biofilm formation by the probiotic strain **Lactobacillus rhamnosus** GG
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Publication type
article
Publication
Baltimore, Md ,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Applied and environmental microbiology. - Baltimore, Md
Volume/pages
73(2007) :21 , p. 6768-6775
ISSN
0099-2240
ISI
000250700600009
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) is one of the clinically best-studied probiotic organisms. Moreover, L. rhamnosus GG displays very good in vitro adherence to epithelial cells and mucus. Here, we report that L. rhamnosus GG is able to form biofilms on abiotic surfaces, in contrast to other strains of the Lactobacillus casei group tested under the same conditions. Microtiter plate biofilm assays indicated that in vitro biofilm formation by L. rhamnosus GG is strongly modulated by culture medium factors and conditions related to the gastrointestinal environment, including low pH; high osmolarity; and the presence of bile, mucins, and nondigestible polysaccharides. Additionally, phenotypic analysis of mutants affected in exopolysaccharides (wzb), lipoteichoic acid (dltD), and central metabolism (luxS) showed their relative importance in biofilm formation by L. rhamnosus GG.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/c6f740/a7ef94ea2db.pdf
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000250700600009&DestLinkType=RelatedRecords&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000250700600009&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000250700600009&DestLinkType=CitingArticles&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848