Publication
Title
FISH analysis of **Lactobacillus** biofilms in the gastrointestinal tract of different hosts
Author
Abstract
Aims: To investigate the spatial organization of endogenous and exogenously applied Lactobacillus communities at specific locations in the adult gastrointestinal tract of different hosts. Methods and Results: Samples of the human, murine and avian gastrointestinal tract of subjects that received or not received a Lactobacillus probiotic were analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with rRNA-targeted probes. High levels of endogenous lactobacilli were observed on the nonsecretory, stratified squamous epithelia present in the forestomach of mice and crop of chickens, respectively. These epithelial associations showed characteristics of bacterial biofilms, i.e. bacteria attached to a surface and embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. In other regions of the analysed intestines, lactobacilli seemed to occur mainly as dispersed bacterial cells or as microcolonies. Exogenous administration of a Lactobacillus probiotic did increase the levels of loosely adherent Lactobacillus cells detected. However, the probiotic strains were unable to establish themselves inside the gastrointestinal biofilms. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal biofilms of lactobacilli occur only in specific niches in certain hosts, such as the murine forestomach and avian crop. Significance and Impact of the Study: Biofilm formation by lactobacilli in specific parts of animal gastrointestinal tracts was documented for the first time by FISH.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Letters in applied microbiology. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2011
ISSN
0266-8254
Volume/pages
52:3(2011), p. 220-226
ISI
000287038400006
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 02.01.2012
Last edited 06.06.2017