Vertical and horizontal tax competition in the transport sector
Faculty of Applied Economics
Antwerpen :UA, 2004
Research paper ; UA, Faculty of Applied Economics ; 2004:22
University of Antwerp
The purpose of this paper is to review the literature dealing with horizontal and vertical tax competition in the transport sector, taking into account the role of transport externalities. Our emphasis throughout is on tax competition between welfare maximizing governments. For the various different settings (horizontal and vertical competition, parallel and serial networks), we discuss the relevance of tax competition and describe the type of results obtained in the scarce literature on the topic. We further point out the relevance of different types of tax competition for transport policy in a European setting. Finally, we discuss the losses of noncooperative behaviour of governments.