Title
Walk on the sunny side of life : epidemiology of hypovitaminosis D and mental health in elderly nursing home residentsWalk on the sunny side of life : epidemiology of hypovitaminosis D and mental health in elderly nursing home residents
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Research group
Antwerp Surgical Training, Anatomy and Research Centre (ASTARC)
Primary and interdisciplinary care Antwerp (ELIZA)
Publication type
article
Publication
New York,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
The journal of nutrition, health and aging. - New York
Volume/pages
16(2012):4, p. 417-420
ISSN
1279-7707
ISI
000304134500026
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Objectives Old age is a well-known risk factor for both depression and hypovitaminosis D, and an association between both conditions has been postulated. We document the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in nursing home residents, and we examine the link with self-reported depressive symptoms and pharmacotherapy for depression. Design Cross- sectional. Setting: nursing homes in Antwerp, Belgium. Participants Healthy elderly (n=589), with a mean age of 84 years. Measurements We detected depressive symptoms by means of SF-36, a validated quality of life assessment; we registered the use of antidepressants and anxiolytics, and we measured serum 25(OH)D concentrations in all participants. Results Almost our entire study population appeared to be vit D deficient. Comparison of the most severely and least deficient subgroups showed a consistent tendency towards more depressive symptoms and more use of antidepressants in the group with the lowest vit D level. Conclusion Nursing home residents are particularly vulnerable to preventable vit D deficiency. The relevance of the association with depressive symptoms and the possibilities for treatment are critically reviewed in the discussion.
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