Title
Walk on the sunny side of life : epidemiology of hypovitaminosis D and mental health in elderly nursing home residents
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
New York ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
The journal of nutrition, health and aging. - New York
Volume/pages
16(2012) :4 , p. 417-420
ISSN
1279-7707
ISI
000304134500026
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Objectives Old age is a well-known risk factor for both depression and hypovitaminosis D, and an association between both conditions has been postulated. We document the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in nursing home residents, and we examine the link with self-reported depressive symptoms and pharmacotherapy for depression. Design Cross- sectional. Setting: nursing homes in Antwerp, Belgium. Participants Healthy elderly (n=589), with a mean age of 84 years. Measurements We detected depressive symptoms by means of SF-36, a validated quality of life assessment; we registered the use of antidepressants and anxiolytics, and we measured serum 25(OH)D concentrations in all participants. Results Almost our entire study population appeared to be vit D deficient. Comparison of the most severely and least deficient subgroups showed a consistent tendency towards more depressive symptoms and more use of antidepressants in the group with the lowest vit D level. Conclusion Nursing home residents are particularly vulnerable to preventable vit D deficiency. The relevance of the association with depressive symptoms and the possibilities for treatment are critically reviewed in the discussion.
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