Title
Democracy and external shock resilience in developing countries : evidence from the Great Recession Democracy and external shock resilience in developing countries : evidence from the Great Recession
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Publication type
report
Publication
Antwerp :UA, Instititute of Development Policy and Management, [*]
Subject
Politics
Source (series)
IOB working paper ; 2012:02
Volume/pages
46 p.,
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
While some developing countries appear to have been largely unaffected by the Great Recession that originated in advanced economies, others took a severe blow in 2008-2009. A number of recent studies have attempted to explain the observed heterogeneity of developing country growth performances during the latest global financial and economic crisis by linking it to pre-crisis macro-economic and financial country features - with rather mixed success. In this newly emerging body of research, surprisingly little attention has, however, been paid to institutional differences between countries, and the variation in political institutional arrangements more particularly. The current paper takes a first shot at bridging this hiatus by gauging the impact of democracy on the crisis growth of developing countries. From a theoretical point of view, and as suggested in the political economy literature, democracy could be either growthretarding or growth-enhancing in times of economic crisis, the overall effect ultimately being an empirical question. Using a cross-section sample of more than 100 non-advanced countries and controlling for a range of macroeconomic, financial and standard institutional factors as well as pre-crisis trends, we find evidence suggesting that, on the whole, democratic country features are negatively correlated with growth performance during the 2008-2009 global crisis. Our findings are seemingly robust to the use of various sets of controls, different estimators, several country subsamples and alternative measures of democracy and crisis growth.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/d61a3d/3eaeaa85.pdf
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