Publication
Title
Intestinal mast cells in gut inflammation and motility disturbances
Author
Abstract
Mast cells may be regarded as prototypes of innate immune cells that can be controlled by neuronal mediators. Their activation has been implicated in many types of neuro-inflammatory responses, and related disturbances of gut motility, via direct or indirect mechanisms that involve several mechanisms relevant to disease pathogenesis such as changes in epithelial barrier function or activation of adaptive or innate immune responses. Here we review the evidence for the involvement of mast cells in the inflammation of the bowel wall caused by bowel manipulation that leads to motility disturbances such as postoperative gastroparesis and ileus. Also in IBD there is substantial evidence for the involvement of mast cells and a mast cell-mediated neuroimmune interaction showing an increased number and an increased degranulation of mast cells. We discuss the potential of mast cell inhibition as a bona fide drug target to relief postoperative ileus. Further research on mast cell-related therapy either by stabilizing the mast cells or by blocking specific mast cell mediators as adjunctive therapy in IBD is encouraged, bearing in mind that several drugs currently used in the treatment of IBD possess properties affecting mast cell activities. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mast cells in inflammation.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Biochimica et biophysica acta : molecular basis of disease. - Amsterdam
Publication
Amsterdam : 2012
ISSN
0925-4439
Volume/pages
1822:1(2012), p. 66-73
ISI
000298461400010
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 15.02.2012
Last edited 13.09.2017
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