Clinical outcomes of cataract surgery after bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens implantation following ISO standard 11979-7:2006
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. - Fairfax, Va
, p. 2120-2129
University of Antwerp
Purpose To assess the clinical outcomes of bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens (BIL IOL) implantation following the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 11979-7:2006 in pediatric eyes and eyes with ocular comorbidities. Setting Antwerp University Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp, Belgium. Design Cohort study. Methods This cohort included the first series of patients having IOL implantation using the bag-in-the-lens technique. Surgeries were performed between December 1999 and September 2006. In addition to IOL implantation, the technique comprised creation of a primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) equal in size to the anterior capsulorhexis. Results The study enrolled 807 eyes of 547 patients; 326 of the eyes (40.40%) had ocular comorbidity. In the 481 eyes without ocular comorbidity, the mean decimal corrected distance visual acuity was 0.52 ± 0.24 (SD) (0.276 ± 0.206 logMAR) preoperatively and 0.94 ± 0.18 (−0.012 ± 0.053 logMAR) postoperatively. The mean postoperative achieved spherical equivalent was 0.48 ± 0.83 diopter (D) and the mean targeted refraction, −0.24 ± 0.71 D. The A-constant was modified from 118.4 to 118.04. Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) did not occur in any adult eye during the follow-up. Retinal detachment after IOL implantation occurred in 10 eyes (1.24%). In 19 eyes, the iris was captured by the IOL haptics postoperatively. Hypopyon occurred in 3 patients and toxic anterior segment syndrome in 1 patient. Conclusion The BIL IOL met the ISO criteria; that is, primary PCCC was safe in healthy eyes and in eyes with ocular comorbidities and no eye developed PCO over a mean follow-up of 26.1 ± 21.3 months.