Title
Assessment of the air quality (<tex>$NO_{2}$</tex>, <tex>$SO_{2}$</tex>, <tex>$O_{3}$</tex> and particulate matter) in the Plantin-Moretus Museum/Print Room in Antwerp, Belgium, in different seasons of the yearAssessment of the air quality (<tex>$NO_{2}$</tex>, <tex>$SO_{2}$</tex>, <tex>$O_{3}$</tex> and particulate matter) in the Plantin-Moretus Museum/Print Room in Antwerp, Belgium, in different seasons of the year
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Research group
AXES (Antwerp X-ray Analysis, Electrochemistry and Speciation)
Laboratory Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics (LEMP)
Publication type
article
Publication
New York,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Microchemical journal. - New York
Volume/pages
102(2012):1, p. 49-53
ISSN
0026-265X
0026-265X
ISI
000301559100007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The Plantin-Moretus Museum/Print Room in Antwerp, Belgium, gathers one of the most precious collections of typographical material and old printed books in the world. Rich decorations of this former printing-house and the history of the building itself underline its uniqueness. The cultural heritage (CH) objects collected in the museum, in particular books and manuscripts are vulnerable to the atmospheric pollution and can be irreversibly damaged. To assess the air quality inside the museum, four consecutive sampling campaigns were performed in each season of the year. The gas monitoring of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) was carried out outside the building, in galleries and in showcases by means of using diffusive samplers. The particulate matter (PM) was collected in bulk form and as single particles and then analysed with use of energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and electron probe micro-analyser (EPMA), respectively. The museum complex turned out to show good protection against gaseous pollutants, especially SO2 and O3. The concentrations of these pollutants were significantly reduced inside the building in comparison to the outdoor ones. Similar protective character of the museum complex was established in case of the coarse fraction of PM; however with some limitations. Single particle analysis showed that the relative abundance of carbon-rich particles inside the museum was greater than outside. Moreover, these particles contributed more to the fine fraction of PM than to the coarse fraction. Therefore, for better preservation of cultural heritage, special attention should be paid to the small particles and their distribution within the museum.
E-info
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