Publication
Title
The distribution of heavy metals during fluidized bed combustion of sludge (FBSC)
Author
Abstract
During combustion of wastewater treatment sludge, the inorganic constituents are converted into ash which contains the major fraction of the heavy metals present. The behaviour of heavy metals in combustion processes has been studied extensively for mostly coal combustion and waste incineration. For biomass and sludge, literature data are scarce and mostly limited to laboratory experiments. The present paper assesses the partitioning of eight heavy metals (Hg, As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Cr, Ni and Zn) in the different residues from a large-scale fluidized bed sludge combustor of 4.4 m i.d. The origin of the sludge is mostly from treating urban wastewaters (>90%), although some mixed sludge (urban + industrial, <10%) is also burnt. The different residues (bottom ash, fly ash, filter cake, scrubber effluent and stack emissions) were sampled and analysed during 33 weeks, spread over a period of I year. The mass balance of relevant heavy metals closes for 96.5%, inaccuracies being related to the unsteadiness of the process, the accuracy of the mass flow data monitored at the plant, and on collecting representative samples. It is also shown that all heavy metals under scrutiny, except Hg, are concentrated in the fly ash as collected in the electrostatic precipitator. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of hazardous materials. - Amsterdam
Publication
Amsterdam : 2008
ISSN
0304-3894
Volume/pages
151:1(2008), p. 96-102
ISI
000253322600014
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 24.02.2012
Last edited 07.08.2017
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