Title
The distribution of heavy metals during fluidized bed combustion of sludge (FBSC) The distribution of heavy metals during fluidized bed combustion of sludge (FBSC)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Journal of hazardous materials. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
151(2008) :1 , p. 96-102
ISSN
0304-3894
ISI
000253322600014
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
During combustion of wastewater treatment sludge, the inorganic constituents are converted into ash which contains the major fraction of the heavy metals present. The behaviour of heavy metals in combustion processes has been studied extensively for mostly coal combustion and waste incineration. For biomass and sludge, literature data are scarce and mostly limited to laboratory experiments. The present paper assesses the partitioning of eight heavy metals (Hg, As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Cr, Ni and Zn) in the different residues from a large-scale fluidized bed sludge combustor of 4.4 m i.d. The origin of the sludge is mostly from treating urban wastewaters (>90%), although some mixed sludge (urban + industrial, <10%) is also burnt. The different residues (bottom ash, fly ash, filter cake, scrubber effluent and stack emissions) were sampled and analysed during 33 weeks, spread over a period of I year. The mass balance of relevant heavy metals closes for 96.5%, inaccuracies being related to the unsteadiness of the process, the accuracy of the mass flow data monitored at the plant, and on collecting representative samples. It is also shown that all heavy metals under scrutiny, except Hg, are concentrated in the fly ash as collected in the electrostatic precipitator. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/42ec64/77d1846.pdf
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