Solid state properties of pure UC-781 and solid dispersions with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP K30)
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. - London
, p. 1109-1116
University of Antwerp
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the physical structure of solid dispersions of the antiviral agent UC-781 (N-[4-chloro-3-(3-methyl-2-butenyloxy)phenyl]-2-rnethyl-3-furancarbothio amide) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP K30). Solid dispersions were prepared by coevaporating UC-781 with PVP K30 from dichloromethane. The physicochemical properties of the dispersions were evaluated in comparison with the physical mixtures by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC, X-ray powder diffraction, and FT-IR spectroscopy. We investigated the single crystal structure of pure UC-781. The data from single crystal analysis showed that UC-781 crystallized with orthorhombic symmetry in the space group Pcab. Its cell parameters were found to be; a = 8.1556(7) Angstrom, b = 17.658(2) Angstrom and c 23.609(2) Angstrom; the unit cell was made up of eight molecules of UC-781. The molecules formed intermolecular hydrogen bonds between NH and thio groups, and were packed in a herringbone-like structure. The data from X-ray powder diffraction showed that crystalline UC-781 was changed into the amorphous state by co-evaporating it with PVP K30. From differential scanning calorimetry analysis, UC-781 peaks were observed in the DSC curves of all physical mixtures, while no peaks corresponding to the drug could be observed in the solid dispersions with the same drug composition up to the concentration of 50% w/w. The data from FT-IR spectroscopy showed the distortions and disappearance of some bands from the drug, while other bands were too broad or significantly less intense compared with the physical mixtures of the crystalline drug in PVP K30. Furthermore, the results from IR spectroscopy demonstrated that UC-781 interacted with PVP K30 in solid dispersions through intermolecular H-bonding.