Publication
Title
From laggard to leader : explaining the Belgian gender quotas and parity clause
Author
Abstract
This article analyses the Belgian gender parity debate of the 1990s. It first sketches the history of this debate and how it led to the adoption of statutory gender quotas (1994 and 2002) and finally also to the insertion of a clause on parity democracy into the Constitution. The article then discusses the factors explaining the adoption of these measures. After focussing first on the electoral system and citizenship model in place, it looks at the attempts of the womens movement, political womens groups and a number of femocrats to relate their requests to existing models of citizenship and representation, with special attention to the windows of opportunity facilitating these attempts. The article concludes with a reflection on how the Belgian case contributes to a broader understanding of the processes through which gender quotas and, more broadly speaking, gender parity get initiated and consolidated.
Language
English
Source (journal)
West European politics. - London, 1978, currens
Publication
London : 2012
ISSN
0140-2382 [print]
1743-9655 [online]
Volume/pages
35:2(2012), p. 362-379
ISI
000302487600008
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Law 
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 28.02.2012
Last edited 24.05.2017
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