Title
From laggard to leader : explaining the Belgian gender quotas and parity clause From laggard to leader : explaining the Belgian gender quotas and parity clause
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Politics
Law
Source (journal)
West European politics. - London, 1978, currens
Volume/pages
35(2012) :2 , p. 362-379
ISSN
0140-2382
1743-9655
ISI
000302487600008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This article analyses the Belgian gender parity debate of the 1990s. It first sketches the history of this debate and how it led to the adoption of statutory gender quotas (1994 and 2002) and finally also to the insertion of a clause on parity democracy into the Constitution. The article then discusses the factors explaining the adoption of these measures. After focussing first on the electoral system and citizenship model in place, it looks at the attempts of the womens movement, political womens groups and a number of femocrats to relate their requests to existing models of citizenship and representation, with special attention to the windows of opportunity facilitating these attempts. The article concludes with a reflection on how the Belgian case contributes to a broader understanding of the processes through which gender quotas and, more broadly speaking, gender parity get initiated and consolidated.
E-info
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