Title
The lexical bias effect is modulated by context, but the standard monitoring account doesn't fly : related beply to Baars et al. (1975) The lexical bias effect is modulated by context, but the standard monitoring account doesn't fly : related beply to Baars et al. (1975)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. ,
Subject
Psychology
Linguistics
Source (journal)
Journal of memory and language. - New York, N.Y.
Volume/pages
52(2005) :1 , p. 58-70
ISSN
0749-596X
ISI
000226389100003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The lexical bias effect is the tendency for phonological speech errors to result in words more often than in nonwords. This effect has been accounted for by postulating feedback from sublexical to lexical representations, but also by assuming that the self-monitor covertly repairs more nonword errors than word errors. The only evidence that appears to exclusively support a monitoring account is Baars, Motley, and MacKay's (1975) demonstration that the lexical bias is modulated by context: There was lexical bias in a mixed context of words and nonwords, but not in a pure nonword context. However, there are methodological problems with that experiment and theoretical problems with its interpretation. Additionally, a recent study failed to replicate contextual modulation (Humphreys, 2002). We therefore conducted two production experiments that solved the methodological problems. Both experiments showed there is indeed contextual modulation of the lexical bias effect. A control perception experiment excluded the possibility that the comprehension component of the task contributed to the results. In contrast to Baars et al., the production experiments suggested that lexical errors are suppressed in a nonword context. This supports a new account by which there is both feedback and self-monitoring, but in which the self-monitor sets its criteria adaptively as a function of context. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/42e984/1828305.pdf
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