Identification of cytogenetic subclasses and recurring chromosomal aberrations in AML and MDS with complex karyotypes using M-FISH
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
New York, N.Y.
Genes, chromosomes and cancer. - New York, N.Y., 1989, currens
, p. 60-72
University of Antwerp
Complex chromosomal aberrations (CCAs) can be detected in a substantial proportion of AML and MDS patients, de novo as well as secondary or therapy-related, and are associated with an adverse prognosis. Comprehensive analysis of the chromosomal rearrangements in these complex karyotypes has been hampered by the limitations of conventional cytogenetics. As a result, our knowledge concerning the cytogenetics of these malignancies is sparse. Here we describe a multiplex-FISH (M-FISH) study of CCAs in 36 patients with AML and MDS. IM-FISH generated a genome-wide analysis of chromosomal aberrations in CCAs, establishing several cytogenetic subgroups. -5/5q- was demonstrated in the majority of patients (86%). Other rearrangements (present with or without -5/5q-) included; deletion of 7q (47%), 3q rearrangements (19%), and MLL copy gain or amplification (17%). These genetic subgroups seem to display biological heterogeneity; MLL copy gain or amplification in association with 5q- was detected only in AML patients and was significantly associated with extremely short survival (median overall survival; 30 days, P = 0.0102). A partially cryptic t(4;5)(q31;q31), a balanced t(1;8)(p31;q22), and an unbalanced der(7)t(7;14)(q21;q13) were detected as possible new recurrent rearrangements in association with CCAs. Novel reciprocal translocations included t(5;11)(q33;p15)del(5)(q13q31) and t(3;6)(q26;q25). We conclude that AML and MDS with CCAs can be subdivided into molecular cytogenetic Subclasses, which could reflect different clinical behavior and prognosis, and that three recurrent chromosomal aberrations are associated with karyotype complexity. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.