Publication
Title
In vitro studies of the effects of beta-adrenergic drugs on retinal and posterior ciliary microarteries
Author
Abstract
The small-vessel myograph allows for precise measurements of physiopharmacologic responses of the ocular microarteries under controlled conditions. Studies using the myograph have shown that beta-adrenergic agonists are unable to induce significant relaxation in retinal and posterior ciliary microarteries, indicating that these microarteries have very few or no functional beta-adrenoceptors. Thus, beta-blockers would not be expected to have important adverse vasoconstrictory effects in the posterior part of the eye that are caused by their beta-adrenoceptor binding capacities. On the contrary, some beta-blockers, such as propranolol (the standard beta-blocker in pharmacology) and betaxolol (a beta-blocker used in ophthalmology), have vasorelaxant effects, probably a result of their Ca2+ channel-blocking activity. This activity shows no stereospecificity. Betaxolol could thus act as a vasodilator in glaucoma patients, on the condition that it penetrates in the posterior part of the eye after topical application. If so, it could also induce vasodilatation in circumstances of vascular endothelium injury, because this effect is endothelium-independent. (C) 1999 by Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Survey of ophthalmology. - Boston, Mass.
Publication
Boston, Mass. : 1999
ISSN
0039-6257
Volume/pages
43:s:[1](1999), p. S183-S190
ISI
000081306400022
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
[E?say:metaLocaldata.cgzprojectinf]
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.02.2012
Last edited 26.09.2017
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