Title
Sacrificing the patrol : utilitarianism, future generations and infinity Sacrificing the patrol : utilitarianism, future generations and infinity
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Arts. Philosophy
Publication type
article
Publication
Cambridge ,
Subject
Sociology
Economics
Source (journal)
Economics and philosophy. - Cambridge, 1985, currens
Volume/pages
13(1997) :2 , p. 159-174
ISSN
0266-2671
1474-0028
ISI
A1997YF01500002
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Many people believe that we have responsibility towards the distant future, but exactly how far this responsibility reaches and how we can find a reasonable ethical foundation for it has not been answered in any definitive manner. Future people have no power over us, they form no part of our moral community and it is unclear how we can represent them in a possible original position. All these problems can be circumvented when you take an impersonal decision criterion like maximizing total or average utility. Such a sum-ranking criterion is neutral with respect to distance in time or space: my utility, my neighbour's and that of our descendants all carry the same weight. This makes future people an integral part of present decisions. Time-neutrality was defended by, among others, Sidgwick, Pigou and Ramsey
E-info
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