Publication
Title
In-vitro effects of piracetam on the radiosensitivity of hypoxic cells (adaptation of mtt assay to hypoxic conditions)
Author
Abstract
This paper describes the adaptation of the MTT assay to hypoxic conditions in order to test the in vitro effect of piracetam on hypoxic cells and particularly on the radiosensitivity of hypoxic cells since this drug has shown clinical effect on acute and chronic hypoxia. The V79 cell line was selected by reference to preliminary hypoxic experiments using clonogenic assay and euoxic experiments using clonogenic and MTT assays. Cell growth and survival in our hypoxic conditions were assessed using MTT assay with an enclosure and special 48-well plates both made of glass, Growth curves on glass versus reference polystyrene plates were comparable and confirm the validity of using special glass plates. Growth curves on glass plates after 1-hour exposure to nitrogen versus air were comparable, so there is no bias effect due to gas composition. Survival curves using MTT versus reference clonogenic assay were comparable after radiation exposure in eu- and hypoxic conditions, and confirm the validity of our original technique for creating hypoxia. The Oxygen Enhancement Ratio was of about 3 for 1-hour hypoxic exposure. Piracetam gave no cytotoxic effect up to 10 mM of piracetam. Growth curves after continuous drug exposure and 1-hour euoxic versus hypoxic exposure gave no cytotoxic effect up to 10 mM of piracetam. Survival curves after continuous drug exposure to 10 mM of piracetam gave no significant effect on the radiosensitivity of hypoxic V79 cells using MTT or clonogenic assay. However, this does not preclude a potential in vivo effect of piracetam on the radiosensitivity owing to its action on microcirculation and its theologic properties. The adaptation of the MTT assay to hypoxic irradiation conditions yields the easy screening of radiosensitizing drugs: shorter incubation, semi-automatic method and simultaneous analysis with different serial concentrations thanks to the special 48-well glass plates.
Language
French
Source (journal)
Bulletin du cancer / Association française pour l'étude du cancer. - Paris
Publication
Paris : 1995
ISSN
0007-4551
Volume/pages
82:11, p. 929-938
ISI
A1995TE76600004
UAntwerpen
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.02.2012
Last edited 11.05.2017