Publication
Title
Mindreading in individuals with an empathizing versus systemizing cognitive style : An fMRI study
Author
Abstract
Our fMRI study compares the neural correlates of face-based mindreading in healthy individuals with an empathizing (n = 12) versus systemizing cognitive style (n = 12) The empathizing group consists of individuals that score high on empathizing and low on systemizing while the systemizing group consists of individuals with an opposite cognitive pattern We hypothesize that the empathizing group will show stronger simulation-type neural activity (e g in mirror neuron areas medial prefrontal cortex anterior cingulate cortex) or simulation-related neural activity (e g in areas Involved in perspective taking and experiential processing) compared to the systemizing group As hypothesized our study reveals that the empathizing group shows significantly stronger activity in mirror neuron areas of the brain such as the left inferior frontal gyrus and inferior parietal lobe and in temporal areas Involved in perspective taking and autobiographical memory Moreover the empathizing group but not the systemizing group shows activity in the medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex which have been related to simulation-type neural activity in the brain and are central to mindreading Also the systemizing group shows significantly stronger activity in the left parahippocampal gyrus In conclusion both the empathizing and systemizing individuals show simulation-type and simulation-related neural activity during face-based mindreading However more neural activity indicative of simulation-based processing is seen in the empathizing individuals while more neural activity indicative of non-simulation-based processing is seen in the systemizing individuals (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved
Language
English
Source (journal)
Brain research bulletin. - Fayetteville, N.Y.
Publication
Fayetteville, N.Y. : 2010
ISSN
0361-9230
Volume/pages
83:5(2010), p. 214-222
ISI
000284514300006
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 01.03.2012
Last edited 08.08.2017
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