Title
Habituation of bonobos (**Pan paniscus**): first reactions to the presence of observers and the evolution of response over time Habituation of bonobos (**Pan paniscus**): first reactions to the presence of observers and the evolution of response over time
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Basel ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Folia primatologica. - Basel
Volume/pages
70(1999) :6 , p. 365-368
ISSN
0015-5713
ISI
000084954800006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Habituation is the term used to describe the acceptance, by wild animals, of a human observer as a neutral element in their environment [1]. The ease of the habituation process will depend on factors such as the nature of previous experiences with humans, the structure of the habitat and the species studied [1]. Other important factors are population density [2]and social organisation of the species [3], as these affect the probability of encounters with the same individuals. Chimpanzees and bonobos in particular are hard to habituate: they range over a large area in small parties which can change in size and composition several times a day. In comparison with gorillas, each encounter by an observer produces exposures to fewer chimpanzees and fewer exposures to the same chimpanzees [3].
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