Title
The structure of optimism : " controllability affects the extent to which efficacy beliefs shape outcome expectancies" The structure of optimism : " controllability affects the extent to which efficacy beliefs shape outcome expectancies"
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Psychology
Economics
Source (journal)
Journal of economic psychology. - Amsterdam, 1981, currens
Volume/pages
33(2012) :4 , p. 854-867
ISSN
0167-4870
1872-7719
ISI
000306387300013
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
In this article we theoretically develop and empirically test an integrative conceptual framework linking dispositional optimism as general outcome expectancy to general efficacy beliefs about internal (self) and external (instrumental social support and chance) as well as to general control beliefs (locus-of-control). Bandura (1997, Self-Efficacy. The Exercise of Control (p. 23). New York: Freeman), quoted in title, suggests at a context-specific level - that controllability moderates the impact of self-efficacy on outcome expectancies and we hypothesize that at a general level this also applies to dispositional optimism. We further hypothesize that locus of control moderates the impact of external-efficacy beliefs, but in the opposite direction as self-efficacy. Our survey data of 224 university students provides support for the moderation of self-efficacy and chance-efficacy. Our new conceptualization contributes to clarifying relationships between self- and external-efficacy beliefs, control beliefs, and optimism; and helps to explain why equally optimistic individuals cope very differently with
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/1712fa/7fa2523.pdf
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