Publication
Title
The structure of optimism : " controllability affects the extent to which efficacy beliefs shape outcome expectancies"
Author
Abstract
In this article we theoretically develop and empirically test an integrative conceptual framework linking dispositional optimism as general outcome expectancy to general efficacy beliefs about internal (self) and external (instrumental social support and chance) as well as to general control beliefs (locus-of-control). Bandura (1997, Self-Efficacy. The Exercise of Control (p. 23). New York: Freeman), quoted in title, suggests at a context-specific level - that controllability moderates the impact of self-efficacy on outcome expectancies and we hypothesize that at a general level this also applies to dispositional optimism. We further hypothesize that locus of control moderates the impact of external-efficacy beliefs, but in the opposite direction as self-efficacy. Our survey data of 224 university students provides support for the moderation of self-efficacy and chance-efficacy. Our new conceptualization contributes to clarifying relationships between self- and external-efficacy beliefs, control beliefs, and optimism; and helps to explain why equally optimistic individuals cope very differently with
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of economic psychology. - Amsterdam, 1981, currens
Publication
Amsterdam : 2012
ISSN
0167-4870 [print]
1872-7719 [online]
Volume/pages
33:4(2012), p. 854-867
ISI
000306387300013
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 21.03.2012
Last edited 11.04.2017
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