Publication
Title
**In situ** prolyl oligopeptidase activity assay in neural cell cultures
Author
Abstract
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP, E.C.3.4.21.26) is a cytosolic serine protease that hydrolyzes small (<3 kDa), proline-containing peptides on the carboxyl terminal side of proline residues, and is widely distributed in the brain. High PREP activity, due to aging or neurodegenerative disease, has been hypothesised to lead to an increased breakdown of neuropeptides, resulting in a decline of cognitive functions and an acceleration of neurodegeneration. Recent data have suggested that PREP involvement in neurodegeneration cannot be explained by its extracellular space proteolytic activity alone, but may involve intracellular PREP activities as well. In order to test this, appropriate methods for measuring PREP intracellular activity must first be developed. In the present study, we developed and validated an in situ PREP intracellular activity assay in primary rat cortical neurons, using nitroblue tetrazolium chloride salt (NBT) and a PREP specific substrate (S)-benzyl 2-(2-(4-hydroxynaphthalen-l-ylcarbanoyl)pyrrolidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethylcarbamate (UAMC-00682). This novel in situ PREP activity assay was further validated in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, under conditions of PREP overexpression and inhibited PREP expression. Using this assay, we demonstrated that PREP inhibitors, Z-Pro-Pro-aldehyde-dimethylacetal, Boc-Asn-Phe-Pro-aldehyde, and (S)-1-((S)-1-(4-phenylbutanoyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile (KYP-2047), were able to inhibit intracellular PREP activity in primary rat cortical neurons. KYP-2047 was the most potent PREP inhibitor in all assay systems tested. The validated assay enables localization and quantification of in situ PREP activity in primary rat cortical neurons and neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, as well allows testing cell permeability and efficiency of novel PREP inhibitors.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of neuroscience methods. - Amsterdam
Publication
Amsterdam : 2012
ISSN
0165-0270
Volume/pages
204:1(2012), p. 104-110
ISI
000299977400011
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
[E?say:metaLocaldata.cgzprojectinf]
Oligopeptidase inhibitors in brain function and dysfunction: towards new therapeutic strategies for neuroprotection (NEUROPRO).
Investigation of prolyl oligopeptidase as a therapeutic target for neuropathological diseases: inhibitors, substrates and ligands.
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 22.03.2012
Last edited 18.10.2017
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