1,4-diarylpiperazines and analogs as anti-tubercular agents : synthesis and biological evaluation
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
European journal of medicinal chemistry. - Paris, 1974, currens
, p. 95-101
Despite progress in modern chemotherapy to combat tuberculosis, the causative pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb.) is far from eradicated. Bacillary resistance to anti-mycobacterial agents, bacillary persistence and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection hamper current drug treatment to completely cure the infection, generating a constant demand for novel drug candidates to tackle these problems. A small library of novel heterocyclic compounds was screened in a rapid luminometric in vitro assay against the laboratory M.tb. strain H37Rv. A group of amidines was found to have the highest potency and was further evaluated for acute toxicity against C3A hepatocytes. Next, the most promising compounds were evaluated for activity against a multi-drug resistant clinical isolate. The group of amidines was also tested for their ability to kill intracellular M.tb. residing in mouse J774A.1 macrophages. Finally, we report on a correlation between the structural differences of the compounds and their anti-mycobacterial activity.