Publication
Title
First evidence of high knockdown resistance frequency in **Anopheles arabiensis** (Diptera: Culicidae) from Ethiopia
Author
Abstract
The status of knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation was investigated in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) from Ethiopia. Among 240 mosquito samples from 15 villages of southwestern Ethiopia that were screened by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction for kdr mutations, the West African kdr mutation (L1014F) was detected in almost all specimens (98.5%), whereas the East African kdr mutation (L1014S) was absent. Moreover, the mortality of An. gambiae s.l. to diagnostic dosages of 4% DDT, 0.75% permethrin, and 0.05% deltamethrin from bioassay results was 1.0%, 18.1%, and 82.2%, respectively. We report here the highest kdr allele frequency ever observed in An. arabiensis and its implications in malaria vector control in Ethiopia are discussed.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. - Baltimore, Md
Publication
Baltimore, Md : 2010
ISSN
0002-9637
Volume/pages
83:1(2010), p. 122-125
ISI
000279366300025
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 17.04.2012
Last edited 18.09.2017