Title
Malaria incidence and prevalence among children living in a peri-urban area on the coast of Benin, West Africa : a longitudinal study Malaria incidence and prevalence among children living in a peri-urban area on the coast of Benin, West Africa : a longitudinal study
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
Baltimore, Md ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. - Baltimore, Md
Volume/pages
83(2010) :3 , p. 465-473
ISSN
0002-9637
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Clinical malaria incidence was determined over 18 months in a cohort of 553 children living in a peri-urban area near Cotonou. Three cross-sectional surveys were also carried out. Malaria incidence showed a marked seasonal distribution with two peaks: the first corresponding to the long rainy season, and the second corresponding to the overflowing of Lake Nokoue. The overall Plasmodium falciparum incidence rate was estimated at 84/1,000 person-months, and its prevalence was estimated at over 40% in the two first surveys and 68.9% in the third survey. Multivariate analysis showed that girls and people living in closed houses had a lower risk of clinical malaria. Bed net use was associated with a lower risk of malaria infection. Conversely, children of families owing a pirogue were at higher risk of clinical malaria. Considering the high pyrethroids resistance, indoor residual spraying with either a carbamate or an organophospate insecticide may have a major impact on the malaria burden.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/2b0c74/02c4609a932.pdf