Publication
Title
Effect of untreated bed nets on blood-fed **Phlebotomus argentipes** in kala-azar endemic foci in Nepal and India
Author
Abstract
Observational studies in the Indian subcontinent have shown that untreated nets may be protective against visceral leishmaniasis (VL). In this study, we evaluated the effect of untreated nets on the blood feeding rates of Phlebotomus argentipes as well as the human blood index (HBI) in VL endemic villages in India and Nepal. The study had a "before and after intervention" design in 58 households in six clusters. The use of untreated nets reduced the blood feeding rate by 85% (95% CI 76.5-91.1%) and the HBI by 42.2% (95% CI 11.1-62.5%). These results provide circumstantial evidence that untreated nets may provide some degree of personal protection against sand fly bites.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. - Rio de Janeiro
Publication
Rio de Janeiro : 2009
ISSN
0074-0276
Volume/pages
104:8(2009), p. 1183-1186
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Record
Identification
Creation 17.04.2012
Last edited 02.09.2016