Title
Effect of untreated bed nets on blood-fed **Phlebotomus argentipes** in kala-azar endemic foci in Nepal and India Effect of untreated bed nets on blood-fed **Phlebotomus argentipes** in kala-azar endemic foci in Nepal and India
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
Rio de Janeiro ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. - Rio de Janeiro
Volume/pages
104(2009) :8 , p. 1183-1186
ISSN
0074-0276
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Observational studies in the Indian subcontinent have shown that untreated nets may be protective against visceral leishmaniasis (VL). In this study, we evaluated the effect of untreated nets on the blood feeding rates of Phlebotomus argentipes as well as the human blood index (HBI) in VL endemic villages in India and Nepal. The study had a "before and after intervention" design in 58 households in six clusters. The use of untreated nets reduced the blood feeding rate by 85% (95% CI 76.5-91.1%) and the HBI by 42.2% (95% CI 11.1-62.5%). These results provide circumstantial evidence that untreated nets may provide some degree of personal protection against sand fly bites.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/d0c5a8/f98b68b9.pdf