Publication
Title
Randomized controlled trial of truncal exercises early after stroke to improve balance and mobility
Author
Abstract
Background. Sitting balance and the ability to perform selective truncal movements are important predictors of functional outcome after stroke. However, few clinical trials have evaluated the effect of truncal exercises. Objective. The authors assessed the effect of additional truncal exercises on truncal function, standing balance, and mobility. Methods. An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial was carried out at a stroke rehabilitation hospital. A total of 33 participants (mean 35 days post onset) were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 18) or a control group (n = 15). In addition to conventional therapy, the experimental group received 16 hours of truncal exercises. The control group received 16 hours of sham treatment. Truncal function was evaluated by the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) and standing balance and mobility by the Tinetti Test. The Romberg with eyes open and eyes closed, Four Test Balance Scale (FTBS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Rivermead Motor Assessment Battery (RMAB), Functional Ambulation Categories, and Dynamic Gait Index (DGI) were performed to elucidate the findings of the primary outcome measures. Results. A treatment effect was found for the experimental group on the TIS (P < .001), Tinetti Test (P < .001), FTBS (P = .014), BBS (P = .007), RMAB (P < .001), and DGI (P = .006). Conclusions. In addition to conventional therapy, truncal exercises have a beneficial effect on truncal function, standing balance, and mobility in people after stroke.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Neurorehabilitation and neural repair. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2012
ISSN
1545-9683 [Print]
1552-6844 [Online]
Volume/pages
26:3(2012), p. 231-238
ISI
000300435300003
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 18.04.2012
Last edited 25.06.2017
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