Title
Synthesis of natural pyranonaphthoquinones and related antibiotic aza-analogues
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Pure and applied chemistry. - London
Volume/pages
83(2011) :9 , p. 1651-1674
ISSN
0033-4545
0033-4545
ISI
000298741900003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Pentalongin, the active principle isolated from the roots of the Central East African medicinal plant Pentas longiflora, revealing the basic skeleton of 3,4-dehydropyranonaphthoquinones, was synthesized by ring-closing metathesis of a suitable precursor. Mollugin, together with the (+)-cis-dihydroxylated analogue and the tetracyclic isagarin have been isolated from P. longiflora as well as from other rubiaceous herbs, which are often used in Chinese folk medicine. Synthetic routes of these natural products are presented, as well as the first syntheses of the natural products 3-hydroxy- and 3-methoxymollugin. Although pyranonaphthoquinones represent a large class of natural products, reports of their naturally occurring 2-aza analogues, all of which have been isolated as 2-aza-anthraquinones, are scarce in the literature. Nevertheless, this class of compounds has been found to possess interesting antitumor, antifungal, and antibiotic properties. Therefore, several synthetic routes to new classes of 2-aza-anthraquinones were developed. In vitro testing of the obtained compounds for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed promising results.
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