Title
Aquaculture and stress management : a review of probiotic interventionAquaculture and stress management : a review of probiotic intervention
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Research group
Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicological Research (SPHERE)
Publication type
article
Publication
Hamburg,
Subject
Biology
Veterinary medicine
Source (journal)
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition. - Hamburg
Volume/pages
97(2013):3, p. 405-430
ISSN
0931-2439
ISI
000319222000001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
To meet the ever-increasing demand for animal protein, aquaculture continuously requires new techniques to increase the production yield. However, with every step towards intensification of aquaculture practices, there is an increase in stress level on the animal as well as on the environment. Feeding practices in aqua farming usually plays an important role, and the addition of various additives to a balanced feed formula to achieve better growth is a common practice among the fish and shrimp culturists. Probiotics, also known as bio-friendly agents, such as LAB (Lactobacillus), yeasts and Bacillus sp., can be introduced into the culture environment to control and compete with pathogenic bacteria as well as to promote the growth of the cultured organisms. In addition, probiotics are non-pathogenic and non-toxic micro-organisms, having no undesirable side effects when administered to aquatic organisms. Probiotics are also known to play an important role in developing innate immunity among the fishes, and hence help them to fight against any pathogenic bacterias as well as against environmental stressors. The present review is a brief but informative compilation of the different essential and desirable traits of probiotics, their mode of action and their useful effects on fishes. The review also highlights the role of probiotics in helping the fishes to combat against the different physical, chemical and biological stress.
E-info
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