Title
Selective pulmonary artery perfusion with melphalan is equal to isolated lung perfusion but superior to intravenous melphalan for the treatment of sarcoma lung metastases in a rodent model Selective pulmonary artery perfusion with melphalan is equal to isolated lung perfusion but superior to intravenous melphalan for the treatment of sarcoma lung metastases in a rodent model
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Berlin ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
European journal of cardiothoracic surgery. - Berlin
Volume/pages
42(2012) :2 , p. 341-347
ISSN
1010-7940
ISI
000306365600033
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
OBJECTIVES Isolated lung perfusion (ILuP) and selective pulmonary artery perfusion (SPAP) are experimental surgical techniques to deliver high-dose chemotherapy selectively to the lung for the treatment of lung metastases. ILuP with melphalan (MN) has shown to be feasible in clinical studies but can only be used once because it is invasive. SPAP as an endovascular technique can be repeated several times, but no results have been reported so far. Pharmacokinetics and efficacy of SPAP with MN were studied in a rodent lung metastasis model and compared it with ILuP and intravenous (IV) therapy. METHODS Pharmacokinetics: forthy-five Wag-Rij rats were randomized into three groups: IV 0.5 mg MN, ILuP 0.5 mg MN and SPAP 0.5 mg MN. Every treatment group was again randomized in three groups: 15 min treatment, 30 min treatment and 30 min treatment with 30 min reperfusion. Blood and tissue samples were taken for MN concentrations. Efficacy: twenty-five Wag-Rij rats were randomized into five groups: control, sham thoracotomy, IV 0.5 mg MN, ILuP 0.5 mg MN and SPAP 0.5 mg MN. At day 0, bilateral lung metastases were induced, and treatment followed at day 7. At day 28, rats were sacrificed and pulmonary metastases counted. Survival: thirty Wag-Rij rats were randomized into five groups: control, sham ILuP, IV 0.5 mg MN, ILuP 0.5 mg MN, SPAP 0.5 mg MN. At day 0, left-sided lungmetastases were induced with treatment at day 7. Endpoints were death due to disease or survival up to 90 days. RESULTS Pharmacokinetics: SPAP and ILuP resulted in significantly higher left lung MN concentrations compared with IV (P = 0.05). Efficacy: SPAP (30 ± 22 nodules) and ILuP (20 ± 9 nodules) resulted in significantly less nodules compared with IV (113 ± 17 nodules; P < 0.01). Survival: median survival of SPAP (74 ± 8 days) was equal to ILuP MN (71 ± 10 days) but significantly longer compared with IV (54 ± 7 days; P < 0.01 both). CONCLUSIONS SPAP with MN for the treatment of sarcoma lung metastases in rats is equally effective to ILuP but resulted in a significantly better survival compared with IV MN. As SPAP can be applied as a minimally invasive endovascular procedure, continued research with this technique is warranted.
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