Publication
Title
Stem secondary growth of tundra shrubs : impact of environmental factors and relationships with apical growth
Author
Abstract
Our knowledge of stem secondary growth of arctic shrubs (a key component of tundra net primary production, NPP) is very limited. Here, we investigated the impact of the physical elements of the environment on shrub secondary growth by comparing annual growth rates of model species from similar habitats at contrasting altitude, microtopography, latitude, geographical location, and soil type, in both the sub- and High Arctic. We found that secondary growth has a modest sensitivity to the environment but with large differences among species. For example, the evergreen Cassiope tetragona is affected by altitude, microtopography, and latitude, whereas the evergreen Empetrum hermaphroditum has rather constant secondary growth in all environments. Deciduous species seem to be most affected by microtopography. Furthermore, the impact of the environment on secondary growth differed from the impact on primary growth (stem apical growth, stem length, and apical growth of stem plus leaves), in some cases even with opposite responses. Thus caution should be taken when estimating the impact of the environment on shrub growth from apical growth only. Integration of our data set with the (very limited) previously published information on secondary growth provides an overview of its contribution to NPP and annual growth rates for 9 arctic species at 18 sites in Sweden, Greenland, Svalbard, Alaska, and the Alps.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Arctic, antarctic, and alpine research: an interdisciplinary journal / University of Colorado. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research [Boulder, Colo.] - Boulder, Colo., 2006, currens
Publication
Boulder, Colo. : 2012
ISSN
1523-0430
Volume/pages
44:1(2012), p. 16-25
ISI
000302271600003
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 14.05.2012
Last edited 14.06.2017
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