Title
Vertically oriented CuO/ZnO nanorod arrays : from plasma-assisted synthesis to photocatalytic <tex>$H_{2}$</tex> production Vertically oriented CuO/ZnO nanorod arrays : from plasma-assisted synthesis to photocatalytic <tex>$H_{2}$</tex> production
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
Cambridge ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Journal of materials chemistry / Royal Society of Chemistry. - Cambridge, 1991 - 2012
Volume/pages
22(2012) :23 , p. 11739-11747
ISSN
0959-9428
1364-5501
ISI
000304351400046
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
1D CuO/ZnO nanocomposites were grown on Si(100) substrates by means of an original two-step synthetic strategy. ZnO nanorod (NR) arrays were initially deposited by plasma enhanced-chemical vapor deposition (PE-CVD) from an ArO2 atmosphere. Subsequently, tailored amounts of CuO were dispersed over zinc oxide matrices by radio frequency (RF)-sputtering of Cu from Ar plasmas, followed by thermal treatment in air. A thorough characterization of the obtained systems was carried out by X-ray photoelectron and X-ray excited-Auger electron spectroscopies (XPS and XE-AES), glancing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction (ED) and energy filtered-TEM (EF-TEM). Pure and highly oriented CuO/ZnO NR arrays, free from ternary ZnCuO phases and characterized by a copper(II) oxide content controllable as a function of the adopted RF-power, were successfully obtained. Interestingly, the structural relationships between the two oxides at the CuO/ZnO interface were found to depend on the overall CuO loading. The obtained nanocomposites displayed promising photocatalytic performances in H2 production by reforming of ethanolwater solutions under simulated solar illumination, paving the way to the sustainable conversion of solar light into chemical energy.
E-info
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