Title
Mechanistic evaluation of the insulin response in H4IIE hepatoma cells : new endpoints for toxicity testing? Mechanistic evaluation of the insulin response in H4IIE hepatoma cells : new endpoints for toxicity testing?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Veterinary Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Biology
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Toxicology letters. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
212(2012) :2 , p. 180-189
ISSN
0378-4274
ISI
000306679900011
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This study was designed to evaluate if the rat H4IIE hepatoma cell line is a physiologically relevant model to study hepatic insulin responses to hint at its prospective application in pollutant-related insulin resistance research. DNA microarray analysis, real-time PCR and flow cytometric cell cycle analysis were used to assess the relevance of the insulin response in H4IIE cells. Insulin dose dependently stimulated H4IIE growth and time dependently altered the expression of the known insulin responsive genes: Fasn, Pck1 and Irs2. Microarray analysis performed on cells exposed to insulin (100 nM) for 6 h and 24 h showed that genes related to carbohydrate and lipid metabolism were most profoundly afflicted, in accordance with in vivo hepatic insulin action. Since changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism are pivotal in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, the presence of a physiological relevant insulin response in H4IIE cells pleads for further testing of its potential use in research on pollutant-driven insulin resistance.
E-info
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