Getting the work done : a comparative study of motivation needs and processes for seafarers and dock workers
Institute for Transport en Maritime Management (ITMMA)
Asian Round Table 2012 Conference (ALRT 2012), University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, 14-15 June 2012
University of Antwerp
The study on motivation at work has attracted psychologists, economists and sociologists (Vroom, 1964). However, most of current literature is acontextual neglecting the role of contextual layers found in distinct industries / professional environments. The aim of the present paper is to extend traditional notions of work motivation by considering more explicitly the importance and impact of professional / industry contexts and extant processes in them on work motivation. The focus of the paper is on two maritime-related professional environments: seafarers working on board of merchant vessels and dock workers performing cargo handling operations in seaports. The paper critically reviews the context and constituents of the two professions in view of adding a dimension/layer of industry context and environment to mainstream literature on motivation.