Case report : severe multifocal form of buruli ulcer after streptomycin and rifampin treatment : comments on possible dissemination mechanisms
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. - Baltimore, Md
, p. 307-313
University of Antwerp
Buruli ulcer (BU), a disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, leads to the destruction of skin and sometimes bone. Here, we report a case of severe multifocal BU with osteomyelitis in a 6-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative boy. Such disseminated forms are poorly documented and generally occur in patients with HIV co-infection. The advent of antibiotic treatment with streptomycin (S) and rifampin (R) raised hope that these multifocal BU cases could be reduced. The present case raises two relevant points about multifocal BU: the mechanism of dissemination that leads to the development of multiple foci and the difficulties of treatment of multifocal forms of BU. Biochemical (hypoproteinemia), hematological (anemia), clinical (traditional treatment), and genetic factors are discussed as possible risk factors for dissemination.