Publication
Title
The association between indicators of inflammation and liver variables during the transition period in high-yielding dairy cows : an observational study
Author
Abstract
During the transition period, cows are confronted with infectious and inflammatory challenges leading to an acute phase response (APR) marked by increased hepatic synthesis of positive acute phase reactants (+AP) and a decrease in negative acute phase reactants (-AP). The aim of this study was to quantify the APR in 21 high-yielding dairy cows studied from 9 days before until 42 days after calving, and to assess the association between the APR, disease incidence and indicators of liver function. Repeated blood samples were analyzed for -AP (retinol, albumin, cholesterol), +AP (haptoglobin, caeruloplasmin), paraoxonase, and liver-associated variables (aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, bilirubin). All cows displayed postpartum decreases in -AP and paraoxonase, and increases in +AP and liver variables. When retrospectively categorized, cows presenting a stronger -AP decline displayed higher +AP and liver variables, and a higher disease incidence compared to cows with a milder decline. Altogether, typical changes in -AP and +AP identify the transition period as a time of increased inflammatory load. Group differences in liver variables suggest that a more severe APR may be associated with altered liver function. However, no causal relationship can be proven based on this observational dataset, and results should be interpreted cautiously. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The veterinary journal. - London
Publication
London : 2012
ISSN
1090-0233
Volume/pages
192:2(2012), p. 222-225
ISI
000304630500019
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.07.2012
Last edited 12.05.2017
To cite this reference