Influence of the homogenisation procedure on the physicochemical properties of PLGA nanoparticles
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin. - Tokyo, 1958, currens
, p. 1273-1279
University of Antwerp
Pilocarpine HCI-loaded PLGA nanoparticles were prepared by emulsification solvent evaporation. Three different stabilisers, polyvinylalcohol (PVA), Carbopol and Poloxamer were used, as well as mixtures thereof. The influence of the homogenisation pressure and number of cycles on the properties of nanoparticles were studied. Particle size was shown to depend on the stabiliser used. An increase of the homogenisation pressure or the number of cycles resulted in a decrease in particle size. The zeta potential value was influenced mainly by the nature of the stabiliser. Particles stabilised with poloxamer or PVA showed a slightly negative zeta potential value, while samples stabilised with carbopol posessed a more negative zeta potential, which became less negative after homogenisation. Drug encapsulation depended strongly on the stabiliser used. The higher drug entrapment of the carbopol-stabilised particles could be explained by an electrostatic interaction between the negatively charged carboxyl groups of carbopol and the positively charged, protonated pilocarpine. The drug release patterns of the particles prepared were quite similar. Differences between the release patterns of the homogenised particles could be attributed both to differences in size as well as drug encapsulation. Turbidimetric measurements suggested an interaction between mucin and PLGA nanoparticles exclusively stabilised with Carbopol.