Title
Riemerella anatipestifer gen. nov., comb. nov., the causative agent of septicemia anserum exsudativa, and its phylogenetic affiliation within the Flavobacterium-Cytophaga rRNA homology groupRiemerella anatipestifer gen. nov., comb. nov., the causative agent of septicemia anserum exsudativa, and its phylogenetic affiliation within the Flavobacterium-Cytophaga rRNA homology group
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Research group
Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute (VAXINFECTIO)
Publication type
article
Publication
Washington, D.C.,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
International journal of systematic bacteriology. - Washington, D.C.
Volume/pages
43(1993):4, p. 768-776
ISSN
0020-7713
ISI
A1993MC21000018
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The phylogenetic position of the causative agent of septicemia anserum exsudativa, now most often referred to as [Moraxella] anatipestifer (brackets indicate a generically misnamed taxon) or ''[Pasteurella] anatipestifer,'' was established by performing rRNA cistron similarity studies. [Moraxella] anatipestifer belongs to rRNA superfamily V, together with the genera Flavobacterium, Cytophaga, Flexibacter, Weeksella, Capnocytophaga, and Sphingobacterium. The detailed structure of rRNA superfamily V, which now contains five major rRNA homology groups, is described. An analysis of various phenotypic parameters, including new data (cellular proteins and fatty acids) and previously published data (respiratory quinones, enzyme activities, and classical phenotypic features), revealed that [Moraxella] anatipestifer differs in many aspects from its closest relatives, Flavobacterium indologenes, Flavobacterium gleum, Flavobacterium indoltheticum, Flavobacterium balustinum, Flavobacterium meningosepticum, and Weeksella zoohelcum. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicate that this organism should be placed in a separate genus; the name Riemerella anatipestifer gen. nov., comb. nov. is proposed for this bacterium. The specific epithet anatipestifer is kept in order to avoid nomenclatural confusion. However, it should be emphasized that the illness caused by this organism is a septicemic disease which is not restricted to ducks.
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