Publication
Title
When ethnicity beats gender : quotas and political representation in Rwanda and Burundi
Author
Abstract
This article examines the impact of electoral gender quotas in post-war Burundi and Rwanda on women's political representation. First, it looks at the evolution in descriptive representation by studying the number of female representatives and the prestige of their positions in the legislative and executive branches of government. The results show that, in both Rwanda and Burundi, the number of female political representatives significantly increased with the introduction of gender quotas, with their presence in parliament and ministries consistently exceeding 30 per cent. While women disproportionally end up in ministries of relatively lower prestige, the gap with men has been closing over time, as more women have joined the executive branches of power. The study considers whether such an increase has been accompanied by a positive evolution in the way ordinary women perceive their political representation. Despite a general improvement in perceived political representation across the population, the article finds there is not a significant difference between women and men and the study explains this finding by analysing the intersectionality of ethnicity and gender.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Development and change. - Beverly Hills, Calif.
Publication
Beverly Hills, Calif. : 2018
ISSN
0012-155X [print]
1467-7660 [online]
Volume/pages
49:6(2018), p. 1361-1391
ISI
000450017500001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Project info
An economic analysis of the links between armed conflicts, female political empowerment and development.
The impact of mass violence and post-conflict recovery on social mobility. Exploring the nature and underlying drivers of social transformation in Rwanda and Burundi.
The impact of mass violence and post-conflict recovery on social mobility. Exploring the nature and underlying drivers of social transformation in Rwanda and Burundi. Fieldwork in Burundi.
Publication type
Subject
Law 
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2018
Last edited 04.08.2021
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