Publication
Title
Integrating molecular diagnostics and GIS mapping : a multidisciplinary approach to understanding tuberculosis disease dynamics in South Africa using Xpert MTB/RIF
Author
Abstract
An investigation was carried out to examine the use of national Xpert MTB/RIF data (2013-2017) and GIS technology for MTB/RIF surveillance in South Africa. The aim was to exhibit the potential of using molecular diagnostics for TB surveillance across the country. The variables analysed include Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) positivity, the mycobacterial proportion of rifampicin-resistant Mtb (RIF), and probe frequency. The summary statistics of these variables were generated and aggregated at the facility and municipal level. The spatial distribution patterns of the indicators across municipalities were determined using the Moran's I and Getis Ord (Gi) statistics. A case-control study was conducted to investigate factors associated with a high mycobacterial load. Logistic regression was used to analyse this study's results. There was striking spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of Mtb and RIF across South Africa. The median patient age, urban setting classification, and number of health care workers were found to be associated with the mycobacterial load. This study illustrates the potential of using data generated from molecular diagnostics in combination with GIS technology for Mtb surveillance in South Africa. Spatially targeted interventions can be implemented in areas where high-burden Mtb persists.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Diagnostics
Publication
2023
ISSN
2075-4418
DOI
10.3390/DIAGNOSTICS13203163
Volume/pages
13 :20 (2023) , p. 1-15
Article Reference
3163
ISI
001092286700001
Pubmed ID
37891984
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 07.12.2023
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