Publication
Title
A measure of directional outlyingness with applications to image data and video
Author
Abstract
Functional data analysis covers a wide range of data types. They all have in common that the observed objects are functions of a univariate argument (e.g., time or wavelength) or a multivariate argument (say, a spatial position). These functions take on values which can in turn be univariate (such as the absorbance level) or multivariate (such as the red/green/blue color levels of an image). In practice it is important to be able to detect outliers in such data. For this purpose we introduce a new measure of outlyingness that we compute at each gridpoint of the functions’ domain. The proposed directional outlyingness (DO) measure accounts for skewness in the data and only requires O(n) computation time per direction. We derive the influence function of the DO and compute a cutoff for outlier detection. The resulting heatmap and functional outlier map reflect local and global outlyingness of a function. To illustrate the performance of the method on real data it is applied to spectra, MRI images, and video surveillance data.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of computational and graphical statistics. - Alexandria, Va
Publication
Alexandria, Va : 2018
ISSN
1061-8600
DOI
10.1080/10618600.2017.1366912
Volume/pages
27 :2 (2018) , p. 345-359
ISI
000435688200009
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 27.02.2024
Last edited 07.03.2024
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